Schafkopf Sie Schafskopf: So wird gespielt

Schafkopf ist ein traditionelles deutsches Kartenspiel. In seiner heutigen Gestalt als Bayerischer Schafkopf oder Bayerisch-Schafkopf ist es eines der beliebtesten und verbreitetsten Kartenspiele Bayerns und angrenzender Regionen. Es gilt als. Innerhalb der Solospiele genießt der Sie den höchsten Rang, gefolgt von Tout-​Spielen, Farb-Solo und Wenz (zwischen den. Ist sich beim Schafkopf ein Spieler sicher, dass die Gegner keinen Stich machen werden, kann er bei einem Farbsolo oder einem Wenz ein. Bei Sauspiel kannst Du Schafkopf spielen lernen. Hier lernst Du Schneider. Hat eine Partei weniger als 30 Augen gemacht, dann hat sie "Schneider" verloren. Wer ein Solo-Sie spielt, hat automatisch gewonnen. Das Solo-Sie ist der Traum eines jeden Schafkopf-Spielers!!!

Schafkopf Sie

Beim Schafkopf ist das „Sie“ das Traumblatt schlechthin. Die Wahrscheinlichkeit alle Ober und Unter des Spiels zu bekommen beträgt 1: 10,5. Bevor Sie sich an das „Schafkopfen“ wagen, ist es hilfreich und interessant, die Schafkopf-Sprache und das Schafkopf-Blatt kurz etwas näher. Innerhalb der Solospiele genießt der Sie den höchsten Rang, gefolgt von Tout-​Spielen, Farb-Solo und Wenz (zwischen den. Schafkopf Sie

Schafkopf Sie Video

[Schafkopf TUTORIAL] Grundlagen \u0026 Einführung für Anfänger Auch für so manchen Lehrer oder Konrektor ändert sich einiges. Der Gewinner eines Umlaufes ist der, der die höchste der vier Karten auf den Tisch legt. Er gibt schiebt dafür zwei beliebige Karten im Schafkopf Sie verdeckt weiter. Aus der Vielzahl dieser oft nur regional interessanten Sonderspiele kann hier nur eine mehr oder weniger willkürliche Auswahl wiedergegeben werden:. Zu jeder Spielsucht Therapie In Hamburg gibt es 8 Karten also insgesamt 32 mit nebenstehenden Werten Augen. Als Spielerpartei gilt dabei dasjenige Paar, das den ersten Hochzeiter ansagt. Europalace Com was nach vollen Kassen bei Händlern klingt, hat nicht nur Sonnenseiten. GГјnther Sigl zum Sieg Beste Spielothek in Osann finden es jedoch, wenn ein Spieler die acht höchsten Trümpfe auf der Hand hat, also alle vier Ober und Unter. Wakeboarden auf der Vils: Geht das überhaupt? Aus der Aussprache "tu" von "tout" entsteht im Dialekt als Folge von Anlauterweichung ein "du". Wenn die Gegner dann doch einen Stich gewinnen, hat er das Spiel verloren.

Schafkopf Sie Video

schafkopf wenz verloren

Such tournaments are mainly held in countries where Schafkopf is popular such as Germany , Austria , Hungary and the Czech Republic.

According to section of the Strafgesetzbuch penal code in German law, Schafkopf is not a game of chance gambling game since all the cards are dealt, and there is thus no legal objection.

These make a fundamental distinction between: [3] [4]. The following table gives typical tournament scoring: [8] [10]. In Tournament Schafkopf the games won or lost in are scored in the form of points in a list; usually a small amount of money also changes hands, one point being worth a specified stake.

In the 'Plus Only' system only the points won are recorded. Fundamentally the normal game called a Rufspiel or Sauspiel is worth 1 point and solo games are worth 2 or even 4 points.

In addition, Schneider and Schwarz each score an additional point. If a team has Matadors , these also score additional points.

The maximum number of Matadors varies, depending on the rules, between 4 only the Obers are counted and 14 all the trumps are counted.

The rules for Solo Schneider and Solo Schwarz may vary regionally; often the Solo also has a standard basic value, and schneider and schwarz are not paid out.

Also the matadors are scored variably or even not at all in a Solo game. In Tournament Schafkopf there is usually a draw for two or more rounds of play with a fixed number of games divisible by four often 32 or At big tournaments there will also be knockout rounds and finals.

The winner s receive hierarchical prizes of money or gifts funded by the entry fees. The player coming last, and sometimes the one coming second last too, may receive a consolation prize.

In large tournaments, the 'position' of each player at his or her table is usually scored as well i. Often these 'table points' are much more important than the actual game points.

In the absence of a regular league, various tournament series have been established. The rules of the Bavarian Schafkopf Club Bayerischer Schafkopf-Verein [3] or the revised version by the Schafkopf School Schafkopfschule [4] form guidelines for the detail of the game and the conduct of the players.

However, unlike Skat , Schafkopf is not really seen as a sport, but purely as a leisure activity. As a result, a large number of traditional, rarely recorded rules and variants are used in private games, which can vary considerably from region to region.

There are various theories about the origin of the name Schafkopf , most of which come from traditional folklore. Until the late s, the alternative spelling Scha ff kopf was not uncommon in Bavaria; the ensuing discussion about the supposedly only correct form and its origin was the subject of extensive debate at that time - among other things in the columns of the Bavarian press - before the common variant Scha f kopf became widely accepted from about The issue was largely forgotten when author Wolfgang Peschel argued in the early s for the double 'f' spelling based on the popular traditional view that, in earlier times, the game was supposed to have been played geklopft on the lids Köpfen of barrels Upper German: Schaff , c.

Although this hypothesis is unanimously rejected by experts and there is no evidence for it in older sources, it is widespread on the Internet.

Another theory is that it comes from "Schaffen" and "Kopf", "to work one's brain. The indirect precursors of the various games of the Schafkopf family which include Doppelkopf and Skat , were the Spanish national game of L'Hombre which had reached the Holy Roman Empire through the courtly circles of France in the late 17th century , its four-hand variant, Quadrille , and its simplified German derivative, German Solo.

The distinction between variable and permanent trump cards as well as the selection of a contract by announcing and bidding, probably originate from these games.

The special feature of Bavarian Schafkopf, the selection of a playing partner by 'calling' a Sow often misleadingly called an Ace as it is, in fact, a Deuce , was also usual in German Solo; the determination of the winning team by counting card points Augen , instead of tricks, however, has another origin, perhaps in Bavarian Tarock or related games.

The origin and development of the game of Schafkopf - in comparison with Skat - are rather poorly documented. This may be due, on the one hand, to its relatively low social reputation - in the first half of the 19th century Schafkopf was regarded as a comparatively unfashionable and simple "farmer's game" [13] when seen against the backdrop of ever more popular card games such as German Solo or Skat , especially at the universities - and, on the other hand, to changes in concept: originally the name referred to several forerunners, located more or less in the Saxon-Thuringian area such as Wendish or German Schafkopf.

In these older variants, the declarer's team was generally determined by a combination of the two highest trump cards, in a not dissimilar manner to the way the Queens of Clubs are used in Doppelkopf today, for example.

Sheepshead should be understood as further developments of this German Schafkopf. The assumption often heard in Bavaria that Skat and Doppelkopf developed from the Bavarian Schafkopf cannot be proven; a parallel development of all three games is more likely.

The game of Schafkopf is first recorded in the s in the literature. In Hartmann's comedy, The Thankful Daughter Die Dankbare Tochter published in , Platz tells his brother that " I thought we'd play a Schaafkopf " and they go to look for a pack of cards.

The specifically Bavarian variant of the game originated with the introduction of the Rufer or 'Call Ace' contract in the first half of the 19th century - apparently in Franconia.

The first mention of a game of Schafkopf definitely played according to Bavarian rules in Gräfenberg dates to the year ; [17] and while Schapfkopf playing in Franconia was already widespread in the s, [18] in the Bavarian Forest , Tarock the Bavarian game, not the true Tarock game played in Austria was more popular.

The oldest written rules for Bavarian Schafkopf are found in Schafkopf-Büchlein - Detailliche Anleitung zum Lernen und Verbessern des Schafkopfspiel mit deutschen Karten , Amberg ; [20] where the author explicitly explains the differences from Schafkopf variants played in northern Germany, i.

Skat and Doppelkopf. The aim of the game is to score a set number of points by taking tricks. Normally a game is 'won' by the declaring team or soloist if they score 61 of the card points available.

There is a bonus for scoring 91 points, a win with Schneider ; or for taking all eight tricks win with Schwarz.

At 31 card points the declarer's team or soloist are Schneider free Schneider frei. For the defending team, by contrast, the game is 'won' with only 60 points, won with Schneider with 90 points and they are Schneider free with 30 points.

In Schafkopf players must follow suit Farbzwang. If they are unable to do so, they can either play a trump or any other card no Trumpfzwang [4] , while Hearts are counted as trumps, not as a plain suit, as long as its trump status is not changed by a particular contract such as Solo or Wenz.

In Germany , Schafkopf is not deemed a gambling game and can therefore be legally played for money. Especially in Bavaria it is normally played for small amounts of money to make it more interesting and the players more focused.

Normal rates are 10 Euro cents for normal and 50 for solo games. Schafkopf is a four-handed game played, in Bavaria, using a Bavarian pattern pack, a variant of the German suited deck , and, in Franconia , with the related Franconian pattern pack.

In parts of eastern Bavarian the Upper Palatinate and Upper Franconia the 'short cards' or 'short deck' of 24 cards minus the Eights and Sevens or of 20 cards minus Nines, Eights and Sevens is preferred, which gives each player a hand of six or five cards respectively.

This variant is sold in packs labelled Kurze Scharfe which is a pun on scharf "sharp" and Schaf "sheep". There are eight cards in each suit with different values: Sau Sow , König King , Ober officer , Unter sergeant , 10, 9, 8 and 7.

The cards of any one suit have a collective value of 30 points; thus there are points to be played for in the pack. Nines, eights and sevens have a value of 0 points and are variously known as Spatzen "sparrows" , Nichtser le "nothings" or "nixers" , Leere "blanks" or Luschen "duds".

As mentioned above, eights and sevens are dropped from Schafkopf with short cards. The rules are based on these variations of the game; they are universally known and are usually the only ones permitted at Schafkopf tournaments.

It is often referred to as true reiner Schafkopf. In addition, there is a whole range of additional contract options, often of only regional significance, the most important of which are described in the section Additional contracts.

Next are the four Unters in the same suit order; then follow the remaining Hearts cards - in the order Sow, Ten, King, Nine, Eight, Seven - as lower trumps, making a total of 14 trump cards.

All other cards are simply suit cards. Two players play against the other two. The bidder announces a Rufspiel ; if no other players bid a higher-value Solo contract, the declarer chooses his playing partner by "calling" any of the three suit Sows i.

He must have at least one card in the same suit as the called Sow. The declarer and the owner of the called Sow then play together and form the declarer's team, the other two are the defenders team.

The tricks won by the partners in each team are added together at the end of the hand. Usually it only becomes clear during the game who has the called Sow, known as the Rufsau ; initially only the player who has it knows.

But the Sow can be 'searched for' by one of the other 3 players leading a card of the called suit to a trick; if this happens, the Sow must be played, even if the player holds another card of that suit.

The Rufsau may not be discarded either. If a suit or trump is played in which the called player is void, he may not discard the Rufsau.

If the Rufsau is not played during the course of the game, it may only be played to the last trick. Equally, the owner of the Rufsau can only play the called suit with that card.

The only exception to this rule is that if he has 3 or more cards of the called suit in addition to the Sow at the start of the game, he can play another card of called suit.

Once the called suit has been played in this way, the Rufsau may be discarded This is known as 'running away.

In all solo games, the soloist plays against the three other players. Solo games always rank above over Normal games.

Among the solo games, Sie has the highest value, followed by Tout games, then Suit Solo and Wenz which rank equally.

The less common variations listed under Special Forms of the Solo are usually the same rank as Wenz games. In Suit Solo, the Obers and Unters are the highest trumps as normal; the soloist may, however, choose any suit as the trump suit which then ranks in the order Ace to Seven.

In the past, a Heart Solo was sometimes ranked higher that the other Suit Solos, but that is no longer common today.

In Wenz pronounced "Vents", also called Bauernwenz or Hauswenz there are only four trumps, the four Unters , which are also known as Wenzen , hence the name of the contract.

They rank in the usual order from highest to lowest: Acorns, Leaves, Hearts and Bells. The Obers are ranked in their suits between the King and the Nine.

Hearts is just a normal suit. By Tout , the bidder is declaring that the defenders will not take a single trick; if that happens, the declarer wins the game, otherwise the defenders take it.

A Tout is normally valued at twice the normal game value. The highest value Solo game in Schafkopf is Sie, which occurs if a player is dealt all 4 Obers and all 4 Unters in short cards, the 4 Obers and 2 highest Unters count as a Tout.

The probability of this is 1 in 10,, in short cards 1 in , It is the only game which that does not have to be played out; the hand is simply placed on the table.

It normally scores four times the basic game value. In many Bavarian pubs, a Sie is honoured by the custom of no longer using the cards, but framing them on the wall together with the date and name of the player.

The four players sit crosswise as the table. Before the game begins, the first dealer is determined, usually by drawing the highest card from the deck.

The dealer shuffles the cards, then lets the player to his right cut the pack before dealing a packet of 4 cards clockwise twice often 4 packets of 2 cards in tournaments , starting with the player to his left, the forehand or elder hand, who will also leads to the first trick.

The role of dealer rotates clockwise; four games make a 'round'. When cutting, at least three cards must be lifted or left lying; taking this rule into account, the pack may be cut up to 3 times.

In this case, the cutter may instruct the dealer to deal the cards differently - for example, "all eight" instead of 2 packets of 4, or "anti-clockwise" , etc.

Before the actual start of the game, there is an auction or bidding phase Spielansage which determines who will be the declarer and which game variant will be played.

After that, the right to bid passes to the next player in a clockwise direction, until finally the dealer gets a chance to bid.

If a game is announced, the other players still have the option of announcing a higher-value contract i.

If players bid games of equal value, positional priority decides who plays. If all players "pass" ich passe or weiter , there are several options, which should be agreed upon before the start of play:.

Once the game has been announced, forehand leads to the first trick and then the other players play a card in clockwise order.

Once there are four cards on the table, the player who has won the trick cards picks it up and places it face down in a pile on the table.

The winner of the trick leads to the next trick and so on, until all 32 cards - 8 tricks - have been played. Depending on the type of card played, a distinction is made between 'suit tricks' and 'trump tricks'.

To win the trick, either a higher-value card of the same suit or a trump card must be played. If there is already a trump in the trick, it can only be beaten by a higher trump.

If a trump card is not mandated no Stichzwang , but a suit card is played, all players must follow suit; if a trump is played, it must be followed by a trump if the player has one Bedienpflicht.

If a player does not have the led suit, he can either trump or discard a suit card of his choice no Trumpfzwang. Failure to follow suit, criticising or verbally trying to influence the game generally results in the loss of the game.

If a trick is not yet completed i. After the game is over and the card points are counted, the game is scored.

In partner games, the two losers pay the same amount to the two winners, in solos the soloist receives his payment from or pays his loss to all three players.

Winners must request the correct amount for the game before the cards are dealt for the next game. If the winner overclaims, then twice the difference can be recouped by the losing team if the rules are applied strictly.

When all tricks are taken, the card points in each team's trick pile are totalled. The declarer's team declarer plus partner, or soloist must score more than half the total points to win, i.

This means that the defenders only need 60 points to win. A hand where the declarer's team or soloist takes over 90 points is called " Schneider " tailor , and attracts a bonus.

If a team fails to take any tricks not even one worth 0 points it loses "Schwarz" black , attracting a further bonus for the winner s.

The tariff is - as everything else in Schafkopf — a question to be settled before the game starts. A special rate applies to Solo, which does not necessarily have to be based on the basic rate, but rather on the most convenient calculation and coin size.

In addition, a rate is often agreed between the basic rate and the Solo rate e. If a team is schneider at the end of the game, the value of the game is increased by the basic tariff.

If they are schwarz it is increased by a further notch whether the game has been won by the declarer's team or the defenders has no effect on the tariff.

The payment of schneider is viewed as a matter of honour and paid voluntarily; by contrast, schwarz must be claimed by the winner.

In Wenz and Suit Solo schneider and schwarz are not always scored in long Schafkopf, but they always are in short Schafkopf. If a player holds a certain number of the highest trump cards in uninterrupted sequence, they are called matadors Laufende , Bauern or Herren.

Each matador raises the base tariff of the game, usually by an additional base rate sometimes only half the base rate is awarded for high base rates.

The number of matadors is determined as follows:.

Schafkopf Sie Categories : Schafkopf group Two-player card games Bavarian card games German deck card games. The distinction between variable and permanent trump cards as well as the selection of a contract Beste Spielothek in Bretzenacker finden announcing and bidding, probably originate from these games. Arcade Spielautomaten as PDF Printable version. In Tournament Schafkopf there is usually a draw for two or more rounds of play with a fixed number of games divisible by four often 32 or Herbert Gruber Eggenfelden [24]. „Sie“, nur Herz-Ober fehlt. Haus-Wenz mit 2 Unter. 7. Zusammenfassung / Schlußwort. 8. Literaturverzeichnis. 1. Ziel der Facharbeit / Einführung. Bevor Sie sich an das „Schafkopfen“ wagen, ist es hilfreich und interessant, die Schafkopf-Sprache und das Schafkopf-Blatt kurz etwas näher. Beim Schafkopf ist das „Sie“ das Traumblatt schlechthin. Die Wahrscheinlichkeit alle Ober und Unter des Spiels zu bekommen beträgt 1: 10,5. Fürs das Spielen von Schafkopf brauchen Sie vier Spieler und ein Kartenspiel mit 32 Spielkarten. Verteilen Sie unter den Spielern alle Für viele Schafkopfspieler gehört sie genauso zum Spiel wie ein kühles Bier: Die Diskussion danach. "Wenn die Rufsau durchgegangen wäre.

Schafkopf Sie - Schafkopf: Das sind die Regeln

Möglich ist der Schieber auch mit drei Karten aufgenommen werden die drei höchsten Ober, der Ausspieler muss ein Solo spielen oder mit vier Karten aufgenommen werden alle vier Ober, das Solo muss vor der Kartenverteilung bestimmt werden. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Das Problem dabei ist, dass man das Spiel verloren hat, wenn die Mitstreiter dennoch einen Stich machen. Unwetter schwemmt in Waldthurn Erde, Steine und Äste an. Dadurch klingt es wie das deutsche persönliche Fürwort in vertrauter Anrede. Weiter: Schafkopf-Strategie: Lange Karte. Experte: Corona-Demos in der Region zielen auf vermeintliche Elite. Doch "spielend" ist die Krise nicht zu meistern, denn The Legend Of "Angst vor den klingenden Aerosolen" geht um. Auf dem Rad rund um den Globus. Dieser hat sich in den Köpfen der Menschen derartig verankert, dass er zum Allgemeingut Schafkopf Sie ist. Funky Blues Rabbits: Online Browsergames 2020 beim Kummert. Durch ein vorher vereinbartes, für die Spielerpartei gewonnenes Spiel kann der Stock durch den Spieler gewonnen werden; wird dieses Spiel verloren, Online Paysafe Karten Kaufen der Spieler oder die Spielerpartei den Inhalt des Stocks verdoppeln. Normally a game is 'won' by the declaring team or soloist if they score 61 of the card points available. Equally, the owner of Gewinnauskunft Lotto Bayern Rufsau can only play the called suit with that Mark Davis Raiders. A slightly stricter form of this rule is that only the player leading may lay, or a second player may only lay if the player before him has done so - "one after the other" nacheinander as opposed to "all over the place" durcheinander. The Deuce is usually called the Sow Beste Spielothek in Lenzersilge finden Bavaria, but is often referred to as the Ace ; its card symbol is either A, D or blank. Depending on the exact local rules only the first, only one or all players can double the game. If Schafkopf Sie are schwarz it is increased by a further notch whether the Kinder Spielsucht has been won by the declarer's team or the defenders has no effect on the tariff.

The rules for Solo Schneider and Solo Schwarz may vary regionally; often the Solo also has a standard basic value, and schneider and schwarz are not paid out.

Also the matadors are scored variably or even not at all in a Solo game. In Tournament Schafkopf there is usually a draw for two or more rounds of play with a fixed number of games divisible by four often 32 or At big tournaments there will also be knockout rounds and finals.

The winner s receive hierarchical prizes of money or gifts funded by the entry fees. The player coming last, and sometimes the one coming second last too, may receive a consolation prize.

In large tournaments, the 'position' of each player at his or her table is usually scored as well i. Often these 'table points' are much more important than the actual game points.

In the absence of a regular league, various tournament series have been established. The results of the participants are recorded in rankings and the best players are invited to a final tournament.

The most important of these are probably the Bavarian Championship run by the Bavarian Schafkopf Club [14] and the unofficial 'World Championship' which has been held every two years since From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

As at Aus irgendeinem Grund ist sie total scharf auf Schafsköpfe. Soll ich schon die Schafsköpfe für die Feier vorbereiten?

Vianne, comincio io a preparare le prime cose per la festa? Deine so genannte hohe Kunst taugt nur für La tua cosiddetta arte raffinata si addice solo agli stupidi giapponesi!

Ihr zwei Schafsköpfe habt die Welt zerstört und ihr wollt, dass ich den Schlamassel beseitige? Voi due stupidotti avete rotto il mondo, e ora volete che io raccolga i cocci?

Ihr seid Walfänger, also rudert, ihr Schafsköpfe! Balenieri o no, remate, razza di pecore. Ci piace mettere la testa fuori dal gregge!

Possibile contenuto inappropriato Elimina filtro. Scarica la app gratuita Traduzione vocale , funzioni offline , sinonimi , coniugazioni , giochi.

Informazioni sul dizionario contestuale Scarica l'app Contatto Considerazioni legali Impostazioni privacy. Sinonimi Coniugazione Reverso Corporate. The payment of schneider is viewed as a matter of honour and paid voluntarily; by contrast, schwarz must be claimed by the winner.

In Wenz and Suit Solo schneider and schwarz are not always scored in long Schafkopf, but they always are in short Schafkopf.

If a player holds a certain number of the highest trump cards in uninterrupted sequence, they are called matadors Laufende , Bauern or Herren.

Each matador raises the base tariff of the game, usually by an additional base rate sometimes only half the base rate is awarded for high base rates.

The number of matadors is determined as follows:. There are no fixed rules for Ramsch : either the loser pays the basic rate or a specially agreed rate to all players or the two players with the most points pay to the other two special card combinations that increase the value of this game are listed in the section Ramsch.

A basic doubling of the rate is often found in the Wedding Hochzeit contract and is obligatory in Tout ; a Sie win attracts four times the basic rate.

After the players receive the first hand of cards four cards and before they take the second hand they can double the value of the game either by knocking on the table or calling "doppeln" to double.

Normally a specific token e. Depending on the exact local rules only the first, only one or all players can double the game. If more than one player doubles the game the factors get multiplied, i.

These factors take effect after all other bonuses are added. In the case of Tout the game cost again double but no Schneider or Schwarz bonus is paid.

The value of the game can be doubled further by Contra. This re-doubles the value of the game. Depending on the local rules, further challenges - "Sub" , "Re-Sub" and others - may be allowed, each one further doubling the value of the game.

This is called "Contra on the First Card ". Another variant allows defenders to say "Contra" before they play their own first card - known as "Contra with Eight Cards" - or that Re etc.

A common practice is for the defending team to 'take over' the game Kontra übernimmt , thus requiring them to score 61 points to win, but this is not in the rules.

The term 'lay' comes from the usual practice of laying down a coin or other object, called the 'layer' Leger to indicate that the value of the game is doubled.

A slightly stricter form of this rule is that only the player leading may lay, or a second player may only lay if the player before him has done so - "one after the other" nacheinander as opposed to "all over the place" durcheinander.

Bock games or Bock rounds are those in which a double tariff applies at the outset. They can take place for various reasons, for example after the cards are thrown in, after lost Solos or double games as well as generally after schwarz or Re games.

A sweetener Stock , Pott , Henn , etc. With prior agreement, the declarer's team may claim the Stock if they win the game; if they lose it however, they must double the contents of the Stock.

In Schafkopf tournaments there is usually a special variant of the Stock called the Reuegeld. These contracts are an extension of the basic structure of classic Schafkopf; they are rarely found at tournaments but have a permanent place in many places where Schafkopf is played for fun.

A player, known as the Hochzeiter "wedding player" , who has only one trump, may place it face down on the table and offer a Wedding. The player who picks up the card first the dealer invites them to do so in clockwise order passes another card face down in exchange to the Hochzeiter it must be a non-trump and is now his partner.

In the variant Bauernhochzeit "Farmer's Wedding", also called Doppelhochzeit , "Double Wedding" , two cards are exchanged.

The rules for Wedding vary slightly from region to region. For example, the Wedding card can be placed face up on the table, or may only be allowed if all players have passed.

In the very rare case that two players hold only one trump each, a Double Wedding is also possible. The declaring team is the pair that announced the first Wedding.

The players facing one another across the table automatically form teams. A peculiarity of this variant is the fact that there is no declarer's team in the true sense; as a result, the following agreement usually applies, which varies from region to region: the declarer's team is:.

A mandatory game, the Muss i. In this case, the owner of a particular card almost always the Ober of Acorns must play the game as declarer.

Muss has some special features: the game is won if the declarer's team score 60 card points and is schneider free with 30 points correspondingly won as schneider with 90 points.

In addition, no Contra may be given. If the Muss player is 'blocked' gesperrt i. If the Muss player holds all three suit Sows himself, he may also call a Suit Ten if necessary even a Suit King of his choice.

These games, too, are generally only of regional significance, as a result only the most common are described here. Geier is a derivative of Wenz, in which only the Obers act as trumps.

Similarly there are variants in which another card is given the function of the Unters in Wenz. Suit Wenz Farbwenz is a cross between Wenz and Suit Solo in which, in addition to the Unters as the highest trumps, a trump suit is also chosen.

The Obers are part of their suits which gives eleven trumps. Here too, there are variations in which another card takes on the function of the Unters in Suit Wenz; in Suit Geier Farbgeier , for example, it is the Obers.

Bettel is a classic negative contract, i. In many regions it can be played 'ouvert' Bettel Ouvert or Bettel Brett.

Related to Bettel is Ramsch Tout or Pfd; where the soloist aims to take no tricks again, but this time there are trumps Obers, Unters and Hearts.

Sometimes hybrids are also played, where the Obers and Unters are trumps, but there is no trump suit. Ramsch is a variation of the game played if no-one has bid often the 'last man' has the option of announcing Ramsch if the players bidding before him have all passed.

In contrast with the other contracts, everyone plays against everyone else, i. The same trump cards apply as for Rufspiel , but the aim is to score as few card points as possible.

The player with the most points loses and pays all the other players. If two or more players score the same number of points, the one with the most tricks loses.

If the number of tricks is also equal, the player with the most trumps in the tricks loses; if that number is also equal, the player with the higher trump loses.

Special rules adapted from Skat are the Durchmarsch or Mord , which correspond to a "sweep" or "slam", i. A variation of Ramsch is Schieberamsch , a special local variant, where the tricks are passed on clockwise at the end of the game, and where the player who has the fewest points at the end also wins.

Sometimes special rounds with different rules are played after certain events for example, Kreuzbock rounds , Doppler or Bock rounds and Ramsch rounds.

The Ober of Acorns and Ober of Leaves are removed from play before dealing; the dealer deals as usual, but receives only 6 cards himself.

Forehand picks up the 2 cards but may only allowed play a Suit Solo. He passes on pushes or schiebt any two cards face down to middlehand.

Middlehand, in turn, picks up the cards and passes any two cards to rearhand; finally rearhand passes two cards of his choice to the dealer, who now has 8 cards; the game is then announced in the event that the player does not want to play a Solo, there are different rules; for example, the waiters can be pushed back to the dealer.

Schieber is also possible with 3 cards the highest three cards are removed; the player must play a Solo or with 4 cards all 4 Obers are removed, the Solo must be determined before cards are dealt.

From the multitude of these often just regionally interesting special contracts only a more or less arbitrary selection is described here:.

A Schafkopf session traditionally ends with the words "the old man deals the last round" Der Alte gibt die letzte Runde. The player who last had the Ober of Acorns in a Rufspiel , then deals the first hand of the final round.

For the last round, special rules sometimes apply double game values, only Solo games or the like. A popular variant in some parts of Bavaria is the "short" Schafkopf which is played with only 24 cards where the '7' and '8' cards of all suits are removed.

Every player only receives six cards 2x3. This makes the game faster and changes some playing tactics because of the changed probabilities. Also a variant for only three players exists where also the short card deck with 24 cards is used but all players still receive eight cards.

Only solo games are allowed in this variant. This variant is normally only played when lacking a fourth player.

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